Special Diets Information

Are special diets common? Yes, very much so. There are many medical diet plans for people with various health needs and also for people who wish to lose weight. Here we’ll look at some of the most common ones.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Medical diet plans for people with irritable bowel syndrome focus on avoiding foods most likely to cause a flare-up of symptoms. Such foods include:

  • Caffeine
  • Dairy products
  • Alcohol
  • Fried foods
  • Any foods high in fat
  • Carbonated drinks
Special diets for people with irritable bowel syndrome also include drinking plenty of water. Regular exercise is recommended, as well.

These diets are designed to sooth the bowel and restore it to normal functioning.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High blood pressure puts one at risk for a number of serious conditions, including heart attack and stroke. That’s why medical diet plans are often recommended. Special diets for those with high blood pressure are low in sodium and usually avoid foods like:

  • Table salt and seasonings that contain salt (such as garlic salt)
  • Canned soup
  • Salty snack foods, like potato chips and pretzels
  • Salty crackers, like saltines
  • Canned Vegetables
  • Processed meat, like lunch meat, bacon, and ham
In addition, these special diets for people with hypertension are often high in calcium, which helps to lower the blood pressure. If you are overweight, losing weight can also help decrease your blood pressure.


People with gout have high levels of uric acid, which causes a painful condition of the joints. Diets high in protein can increase the amount of uric acid, which can make the condition worse. If you have pain and swelling in your joints, make sure you see a doctor for a diagnosis and to ask about the best medical diet plans for you.

Overweight people are more likely to develop gout, but if you are overweight, you need to lose weight slowly and under a doctor’s supervision in order to prevent your condition from worsening.


Special diets for diabetics are low in sugar because the body does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose (sugar). These diets are often low in sodium, as well. Limiting carbohydrates may also help to regulate diabetes.

An individual diet should be developed for each person with diabetes, since each person’s case can be different. Make sure you talk to your doctor about the best diet for you.

Overweight people are more likely to develop diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce your risk of becoming diabetic. If you are diabetic and overweight, losing weight may help you manage your illness. Again, talk to your doctor about it. Don’t try to lose weight on your own.

The Dash Diet

The Dash Diet is a medical diet plan that addresses many of the health concerns we have discussed here. It can help manage many of these conditions. It is a balanced diet that can help you lose weight slowly and safely. It can also help you maintain a healthy weight.

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