Trans Fatty Acids
A fat that is produced when liquid fat (oil) is turned into solid fat through a chemical process called hydrogenation (See definition). Eating a large amount of trans fatty acids also raises blood cholesterol and risk of heart disease.
Type 1 Diabetes (dye-uh-BEET-eez)
Previously known as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus," (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes." Type 1 diabetes is a life-long condition in which the pancreas stops making insulin.
Without insulin, the body is not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. To treat the disease, a person must inject insulin, follow a diet plan, exercise daily, and test blood sugar several times a day. Type 1 diabetes usually begins before the age of 30.
Type 2 Diabetes (dye-uh-BEET-eez)
Previously known as "noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes." Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus. About 90 to 95 percent of people who have diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but either do not make enough insulin or their bodies do not use the insulin they make. Most of the people who have this type of diabetes are overweight. Therefore, people with type 2 diabetes may be able to control their condition by losing weight through diet and exercise.
They may also need to inject insulin or take medicine along with continuing to follow a healthy program of diet and exercise. Although type 2 diabetes commonly occurs in adults, an increasing number of children and adolescents who are overweight are also developing type 2 diabetes.